Quantum fidelity for Gaussian states describing the evolution of open systemsA. Isar
National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Romania Bucharest-Magurele, PO Box MG-6, 077125, Romania
Published online: 18 June 2008
Using the expression of the fidelity for the most general Gaussian quantum states, the quantum fidelity is studied for the states of a harmonic oscillator interacting with an environment, in particular with a thermal bath. The time evolution of the considered system is described in the framework of the theory of open systems based on quantum dynamical semigroups. By taking a correlated squeezed Gaussian state as initial state, we calculate the quantum fidelity for both undisplaced and displaced states. The time evolution of the quantum fidelity is analyzed depending on the squeezing and correlation parameters characterizing the initial Gaussian state and on the dissipation constant and temperature of the thermal bath.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag 2008