Quantum frames of reference and the relational flow of time
Faculty of Engineering and the Institute of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, Bar-Ilan University, Max Ve-Anna Webb, 5290002, Ramat Gan, Israel
Accepted: 22 August 2023
Published online: 4 September 2023
In this short review paper, relative evolution in time and related issues are analyzed within classical and quantum mechanics. We first discuss the basics of quantum frames of reference in both space and time. We then focus on the latter, and more specifically on the “timeless” approach to quantum mechanics due to Page and Wootters. We address time–energy uncertainty relations and the emergence of non-unitarity within this framework. We emphasize relational aspects of quantum time as well as unique features of non-inertial clock frames.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2023. Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.