Force-directed algorithms as a tool to support community detection
Federal University of São Paulo, São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil
2 National Institute for Space Research, São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil
Accepted: 23 April 2021
Published online: 3 June 2021
Force-directed algorithms are a class of methods widely used to solve problems modeled via physics laws and resolved by particle simulation. Visualization of general graphs is one of the research fields which uses such algorithms and provides a vast knowledge about their benefits and challenges. Taking advantage of the knowledge provided by graph visualization theory, some authors have adopted force-directed algorithms as a tool to deal with the community detection problem. However, researches in that direction seem to be neglected by the literature of complex network. This paper explores the use of force-directed algorithms as a tool to solve the community detection problem. We revisit the works proposed in this area and point out the similarities, but mainly highlight the particularities of such a problem concerning the draw of a general graph. This literature review aims to organize the knowledge about the subject and highlight the state-of-the-art. To conduct our review, we followed a research protocol inspired by systematic review guidelines. Our review exposes that many works have chosen models that are not ideal for dealing with the community detection problem. Furthermore, we also highlight the most appropriate force-directed models for community detection.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021