Energy harvesting in a delay-induced parametric van der Pol–Duffing oscillator
Polydisciplinary Faculty of Taroudant, University Ibn Zohr, Agadir, Morocco
2 Faculty of Sciences Aïn Chock, University Hassan II, Casablanca, Morocco
Accepted: 7 July 2021
Published online: 29 July 2021
Quasi-periodic vibration-based energy harvesting is investigated in a delayed van der Pol–Duffing oscillator coupled to a delayed piezoelectric mechanism. It is assumed that the time delay in the mechanical subsystem is modulated around a mean value with a certain amplitude and frequency. The case of a delay-induced parametric resonance for which the frequency of the modulation is near twice the natural frequency of the oscillator is considered. The first- and second-step multiple scale methods are applied to obtain approximations of periodic and quasi-periodic solutions as well as the corresponding output powers. Bifurcation analysis is carried out to locate regions of existence of these solutions. The effect of different system parameters on the performance of quasi-periodic vibration-based energy harvesting is examined. The advantage of using quasi-periodic vibrations to extract energy over a broadband of system parameters away from the resonance is illustrated. Numerical simulations are conducted to validate the analytical predictions.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021