Integrable hydrodynamics of Toda chain: case of small systems
Department of Physics and Materials Science, University of Luxembourg, 1511, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg
2 SISSA, Via Bonomea, 265-34136, Trieste, Italy
Accepted: 12 April 2023
Published online: 24 May 2023
Passing from a microscopic discrete lattice system with many degrees of freedom to a mesoscopic continuum system described by a few coarse-grained equations is challenging. The common folklore is to take the thermodynamic limit so that the physics of the discrete lattice describes the continuum results. The analytical procedure to do so relies on defining a small length scale (typically the lattice spacing) to coarse grain the microscopic evolution equations. Moving from the microscopic scale to the mesoscopic scale then requires careful approximations. In this work, we numerically test the coarsening in a Toda chain, which is an interacting integrable system, i.e., a system with a macroscopic number of conserved charges. Specifically, we study the spreading of fluctuations by computing the spatio-temporal thermal correlations with three different methods: (a) using microscopic molecular dynamics simulation with a large number of particles; (b) solving the generalized hydrodynamics equation; (c) solving the linear Euler scale equations for each conserved quantities. Surprisingly, the results for the small systems (c) match the thermodynamic results in (a) and (b) for macroscopic systems. This reiterates the importance and validity of integrable hydrodynamics in describing experiments in the laboratory, where we typically have microscopic systems.
© The Author(s) 2023
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