Influence of surface interactions on the dynamics of the glass former ortho-terphenyl confined in nanoporous silica
Laboratoire de Chimie Physique, UMR 8000, Université de Paris Sud, Bât. 349, 91405 Orsay, France
2 Institut Laue Langevin, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, 38042 Grenoble, France
We present results on investigations of the dynamics of the glass forming ortho-terphenyl (oTP) confined in nanoporous silica. Calorimetry experiments showed that the glass transition temperature of the confined liquid, Tgconf, has a non-trivial pore size dependence and is strongly affected by surface interactions. Fluid-wall interactions introduce gradients of structural relaxation times in the pores. The molecules at the surface of the pores are slowed down compared to those at the center of the pores. We focus here on a pore diameter range (7 σ< d < 12 σ, where σ is the molecular diameter), where a large variety of dynamical behavior were observed. Depending on surface properties of the confined media, T gconf may be smaller or larger than the bulk one. In a quite attractive matrix with a pore size of around 7 nm, the structural relaxation times gradient is important enough to allow the observation of two glass transitions for the same liquid. Effects of fluid wall interactions on the short time dynamics at high temperature were also investigated by quasielastic neutron scattering. The self and collective motions exhibit well above the bulk melting point the same dependence on fluid-wall interactions as at Tg.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2007