Dynamics of confined quantum fluids
Institute for Theoretical Physics, Johannes Kepler University, 4040 Linz, Austria
We examine the static and dynamic properties of liquid 4He in confined geometries. Confinement is modeled by placing the liquid between two rigid, attractive walls with strengths corresponding to Geltech, Vycor, or glass. The liquid arranges itself in a series of layers, with increasing areal density it undergoes a sequence of layering transitions familiar from classical fluids. We identify “bulk” excitations that propagate throughout the film, and “layer” excitations that propagate only close to the substrate. Both have the typical phonon-roton dispersion relation, but the energy of the layer-roton minimum depends sensitively on the substrate strength, thus providing a mechanism for a direct measurement of this quantity. Bulk-like roton excitations are largely independent of the interaction between the matrix and the helium atoms. While the bulk-like rotons are very similar to their true bulk counterparts, the layer modes are not in close relation to two-dimensional rotons and should be regarded as a completely independent kind of excitation.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2007