Differential AC-chip calorimeter for glass transition measurements in ultra thin polymeric films
University of Rostock, Institute of Physics, Universitätsplatz 3, 18051 Rostock, Germany
2 A.M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Vavilov 38, 119991 Moscow, Russia
3 University of Leipzig, Dep. of Physics, Linnestr. 5, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
A differential AC-chip calorimeter capable to measure the glass transition in nanometer thin films is described. Due to the differential setup pJ/K sensitivity is achieved. Heat capacity can be measured for sample masses below one nanogram even above room temperature as needed for the study of the glass transition in nanometer thin polymeric films. The calorimeter allows for the frequency dependent measurement of complex heat capacity in the frequency range from 1 Hz to 1 kHz. The glass transition in thin films of polystyrene (PS) (100–4 nm) and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) (400–10 nm) was determined at well defined experimental time scales. No thickness dependency of the glass transition temperature was observed within the error limits (±3 K) - neither at constant frequency nor for the traces in the activation diagrams (1 Hz–1 kHz).
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2007