Symmetry breaking and clustering in a vibrated granular gas with several macroscopically connected compartments
Física Teórica, Facultad de Fisica, Universidad de Sevilla, Apartado de Correos 1065, 41080 Sevilla, Spain
Corresponding author: email@example.com
The spontaneous symmetry breaking in a vibro-fluidized low-density granular gas in three connected compartments is investigated. When the total number of particles in the system becomes large enough, particles distribute themselves unequally among the three compartments. Particles tend to concentrate in one of the compartments, the other two having the (relatively small) same average number of particles. A hydrodynamical model that accurately predicts the bifurcation diagram of the system is presented. The theory can be easily extended to the case of an arbitrary number of connected compartments.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2007