Target ion source and charge exchange cell development for the EXCYT facility
INFN, Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, via S. Sofia 62, 95123 Catania, Italy
Published online: 8 December 2007
The EXCYT facility at the INFN-LNS is based on a K-800 superconducting cyclotron delivering stable ion beams on a Target Ion Source (TIS) assembly to produce the required nuclear species, and on a 15 MV Tandem for post-accelerating the radioactive beams. For some ion beams such as for Li, the extraction efficiency from the TIS is higher when obtained by positive ionisation, while the injection into the Tandem is possible only after a charge exchange to obtain negative ions. In this work we present the procedures together with the results of the production of 6,7,8,9Li beams extracted at EXCYT during the last year. The production of the radioactive elements was performed by sending a 13C4+ primary beam of 45 MeV/u on a graphite target. The ionisation of the production species was achieved by a tungsten positive surface ioniser. The Li+ has been extracted from TIS at different energies to cross-check the transmission and the charge exchange efficiency. To perform the conversion from positive to negative ions we employed a Charge Exchange Cell (CEC) containing Cs vapours. The Li beam interacts with the latter in a two-step reaction, thus converting its charge from +1 to –1. The CEC was already characterised during off-line tests; the results obtained at EXCYT confirmed both the isotopic shift effect and the efficiency values at several given extraction energies. Future improvements of the TIS and the CEC are discussed.
PACS: 29.25.Rm – Sources of radioactive nuclei / 25.70.Mn – Projectile and target fragmentation / 66.10.Cb – Diffusion and thermal diffusion / 34.70.+e – Charge transfer
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2007