Neutron-rich rare isotope production below the Fermi energy and its application to the Texas A&M RIB upgrade
Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA
Published online: 8 December 2007
Recent efforts to produce and separate neutron-rich rare isotopes in peripheral collisions below the Fermi energy are presented. The experiments have been performed at the Cyclotron Institute of Texas A&M University employing beams from the K500 Superconducting Cyclotron. Two magnetic separators were used: the MARS recoil separator and the Superconducting Solenoid Line (BigSol Line). An enhanced production of neutron-rich nuclides in comparison with high-energy fragmentation mechanisms has been observed and attributed to the role of the N/Z and the nuclear periphery of the target. From a practical viewpoint, these reactions below or around the Fermi energy offer a novel way to access very neutron-rich rare isotopes. The experience obtained in the production of rare isotope beams (RIB) below the Fermi energy will be exploited in the ongoing RIB upgrade of the Cyclotron Institute that will involve production, stopping and reacceleration of rare isotopes.
PACS: 25.70.-z – Low and intermediate energy heavy-ion reactions / 25.70.Lm – Strongly damped collisions / 29.25.Rm – Sources of radioactive nuclei
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2007