Onset of deconfinement and critical point: NA49 and NA61/SHINE at the CERN SPS
Institut für Kernphysik, Universität Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany
2 Świętokrzyska Academy, Kielce, Poland
Corresponding author: Marek.Gazdzicki@cern.ch
This paper is dedicated to the memory of József Zimányi one of the founders of the experiment NA49 at the CERN SPS. Firstly, the paper summarizes the main results of NA49 concerning observation of the onset of deconfinement in central Pb+Pb collisions at the low SPS energies. Secondly, it sketches the physics program of NA61 at the CERN SPS, the successor of NA49, which in particular aims to discover the critical point of strongly interacting matter. Finaly, a brief review of the future experimental programs in the CERN SPS energy range is given.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2008