The origin of thermal hadron production
Fakultät für Physik, Universität Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany
Multihadron production in high energy collisions, from e+e- annihilation to heavy ion interactions, shows remarkable thermal behaviour, specified by a universal “Hagedorn” temperature. We argue that this hadronic radiation is formed by tunneling through the event horizon of colour confinement, i.e., that it is the QCD counterpart of Hawking-Unruh radiation from black holes. It is shown to be emitted at a universal temperature TH ≃ (σ/2 π)1/2, where σ denotes the string tension. Since the event horizon does not allow information transfer, the radiation is thermal “at birth”.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2008