Breakup reaction models for exotic nuclei
Physique Quantique, CP 165/82, and Physique Nucléaire Théorique et Physique Mathématique, CP 229, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), 1050 Brussels, Belgium
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Breakup reactions are one of the main tools for the study of exotic nuclei. In particular, Coulomb breakup is expected to provide information on spectroscopic properties of halo nuclei and on astrophysical S factors for radiative-capture reactions. The simplest studies are based on perturbation theory and especially on its first order. However the validity of the first-order approximation may be limited for extended systems such as halo nuclei and its conditions are not always satisfied in existing experiments. More elaborate reaction models are available: resolution of the semi-classical time-dependent Schrödinger equation, eikonal and dynamical eikonal approximations, method of coupled discretized-continuum channels, adiabatic approximation. These methods are reviewed, summarized and illustrated. Their interest and limitations are discussed.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2008