Atomic Bell states generation in an open driven cavity QED system
Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano, Italy
We show that two uncorrelated two-level atoms can become maximally entangled if they are both off-resonantly coupled to a dissipative cavity mode, initially in the vacuum state, and strongly driven by a resonant coherent field. For moderate atom-field detuning we find that the quantum correlations in the tripartite system can alternatively concentrate either in the atom-atom subsystem or in the two atom-field subsystems. In the first case Bell states as well as their superpositions are generated for low enough cavity decay rates. In a dispersive coupling regime the atomic entanglement grows up monotonically to the maximum value where it remains nearly stationary without being affected by cavity dissipation.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2008