Ultra cold atoms and Bose-Einstein condensation for quantum metrology
Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, CNRS-Université Paris-Nord, 99 avenue J.-B. Clément, 93430 Villetaneuse, France
This paper is a short introduction to cold atom physics and Bose-Einstein condensation. Light forces on atoms are presented, together with laser cooling, and a few atom traps: the magneto-optical trap, dipole traps and magnetic traps. A brief description of Bose-Einstein condensation is given together with some important links with condensed matter physics. The reader is referred to comprehensive reviews and to other lecture notes for further details on atom cooling, trapping and Bose-Einstein condensation.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2009