Solitons in complex optical lattices
ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, and Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Mediterranean Technology Park, 08860 Castelldefels, Barcelona, Spain
2 Departamento de Fisica y Matematicas, Universidad de las Americas – Puebla, Santa Catarina Martir, 72820 Puebla, Mexico
We present an overview of our recent results in the area of soliton excitation and control in optical lattices induced by different types of nondiffracting beams featuring unique symmetries. Optical lattices offer the possibility to engineer and to control the diffraction of light beams in media with transversally modulated optical properties, to manage the corresponding reflection and transmission bands, and to form specially designed defects. Consequently, they afford the existence of a rich variety of new families of nonlinear stationary waves and solitons, lead to new rich dynamical phenomena, and offer novel conceptual opportunities for all-optical shaping, switching and routing of optical signals encoded in soliton formats. In this overview, we consider different types of solitons, including fundamental, multipole, and vortex solitons in reconfigurable lattices optically induced by nondiffracting radially symmetric and azimuthally modulated single Bessel beams, soliton control in networks, couplers, and switches induced by several mutually coherent or incoherent Bessel beams, we address soliton properties in three-dimensional Bessel lattices, as well as in lattices produced by Mathieu and parabolic optical beams.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2009