Extended event driven molecular dynamics for simulating dense granular matter
1 Departamento de Física, FCFM, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
2 Faculty of Engineering Technology, TS, MSM, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands
3 Departamento de Física, Universidad del Bío-Bío, Concepción, Chile
A new numerical method is presented to efficiently simulate the inelastic hard sphere (IHS) model for granular media, when fluid and frozen regions coexist in the presence of gravity. The IHS model is extended by allowing particles to change their dynamics into either a frozen state or back to the normal collisional state, while computing the dynamics only for the particles in the normal state. Careful criteria, local in time and space, are designed such that particles become frozen only at mechanically stable positions. The homogeneous deposition over a static surface and the dynamics of a rotating drum are studied as test cases. The simulations agree with previous experimental results. The model is much more efficient than the usual event driven method and allows to overcome some of the difficulties of the standard IHS model, such as the existence of a static limit.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2010