Magnetic resonance in quantum spin chains
Experimental Physics V, Center for Electronic Correlations and Magnetism, University of Augsburg, 86135 Augsburg, Germany
The present understanding of quantum spin chains is reviewed from the magnetic resonance point of view. This includes both the ideal one-dimensional properties in the spin sector as well as the complex interplay with orbital, charge, and lattice degrees of freedom which govern the ground state. In copper-phosphates we observe an extremely extended paramagnetic regime governed by strong antiferromagnetic correlations with record values of the ratio kBTN/J < 6×10−4, which compares the ordering temperature of a Néel state to the magnitude of the exchange J between neighbouring spins. A detailed quantitative discussion of NMR and ESR relaxation within this paramagnetic regime elucidates the relevant exchange interactions in typical bonding geometries of most common quantum-spin-chain systems like KCuF3, CuGeO3, NaxV2O5, and LiCuVO4. Concerning the ground state, paramount topics of modern solid-state physics arise among these examples as there are multiferroicity, charge order, metal-insulator transition, and spin dimerization as well as phase separation.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2010