Application of the time-temperature superposition principle to the mechanical characterization of elastomeric adhesives for crash simulation purposes
1 BMW Group, Knorrstr. 147, 80788 München, Germany
2 Institute for Carbon Composites, Technical University of Munich, Boltzmannstr. 15, 85748 Garching, Germany
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Revised: 13 March 2012
Published online: 7 May 2012
In the automotive industry, finite element simulation is widely used to ensure crashworthiness. Mechanical material data over wide strain rate and temperature ranges are required as a basis. This work proposes a method reducing the cost of mechanical material characterization by using the time-temperature superposition principle on elastomeric adhesives. The method is based on the time and temperature interdependence which is characteristic for mechanical properties of polymers. Based on the assumption that polymers behave similarly at high strain rates and at low temperatures, a temperature-dominated test program is suggested, which can be used to deduce strain rate dependent material behavior at different reference temperatures. The temperature shift factor is found by means of dynamic mechanical analysis according to the WLF-equation, named after Williams, Landel and Ferry. The principle is applied to the viscoelastic properties as well as to the failure properties of the polymer. The applicability is validated with high strain rate tests.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2012