Opportunities for resonant elastic X-ray scattering at X-ray free-electron lasers
European XFEL GmbH, 22607 Hamburg, Germany
a e-mail: email@example.com
Revised: 23 March 2012
Published online: 15 June 2012
X-ray Free-Electron Lasers (FELs) are beginning to deliver a revolution in X-ray experiments, thanks to their ultra-bright (peak brightness exceeding 1033 photons/s/mm2/mrad2/0.1%BW), ultrashort (down to a few fs), spatially coherent X-ray pulses. Presently operational facilities cover wide spectral ranges, from the VUV and soft X-ray wavelengths of FLASH in Hamburg (down to 4.2 nm), to the hard X-rays delivered by the LCLS in Stanford (wavelengths of 0.15 nm or shorter). The basic properties of the new sources are briefly reviewed, and the impact on resonant scattering experiments is discussed. The perspective of investigating ultrafast magnetism, and, more generally, the time-dependent response of strongly correlated electron systems, in a pump-and-probe mode at the L edges of 3d transition metals, would be very attractive. In the hard X-ray range, the very recent proposal of self-seeded X-ray FELs, with 10−5 intrinsic bandwidth, tunable wavelength, 100 fs pulses and number of photons per pulse of order 1012 also opens exciting possibilities for resonant scattering.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2012