Forward and inverse problems in fundamental and applied magnetohydrodynamics
1 Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, PO Box 51011, 01314 Dresden, Germany
2 Shandong University, PO Box 88, Jing Shi Road 73, Jinan City, Shandong Province, PR China
a e-mail: email@example.com
Revised: 5 February 2013
Published online: 26 March 2013
This minireview summarizes the recent efforts to solve forward and inverse problems as they occur in different branches of fundamental and applied magnetohydrodynamics. For the forward problem, the main focus is on the numerical treatment of induction processes, including self-excitation of magnetic fields in non-spherical domains and/or under the influence of non-homogeneous material parameters. As an important application of the developed numerical schemes, the functioning of the von-Kármán-sodium (VKS) dynamo experiment is shown to depend crucially on the presence of soft-iron impellers. As for the inverse problem, the main focus is on the mathematical background and some initial practical applications of contactless inductive flow tomography (CIFT), in which flow induced magnetic field perturbations are utilized to reconstruct the velocity field. The promises of CIFT for flow field monitoring in the continuous casting of steel are substantiated by results obtained at a test rig with a low-melting liquid metal. While CIFT is presently restricted to flows with low magnetic Reynolds numbers, some selected problems from non-linear inverse dynamo theory, with possible applications to geo- and astrophysics, are also discussed.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2013