Synchronization in chaotic oscillators by cyclic coupling
1 CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata 700032, India
2 Department of Physics, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, P.M.B 2240, Nigeria
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Revised: 3 May 2013
Published online: 11 July 2013
We introduce a type of cyclic coupling to investigate synchronization of chaotic oscillators. We derive analytical solutions of the critical coupling for stable synchronization under the cyclic coupling for the Rössler system and the Lorenz oscillator as paradigmatic illustration. Based on the master stability function (MSF) approach, the analytical results on critical coupling are verified numerically. An enhancing effect in terms of lowering the critical coupling or enlarging the synchronization window in a critical coupling space is noticed. The cyclic coupling is also applied in other models, Hindmarsh-Rose model, Sprott system, Chen system and forced Duffing system to confirm the enhancing effect. The cyclic coupling allows tuning of two coupling constants in reverse directions when an optimal control of synchronization is feasible.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2013