Nonequilibrium photo dynamics of low-dimensional strongly correlated electron systems
Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan
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Revised: 12 May 2013
Published online: 15 July 2013
One of the outstanding contemporary challenges in condensed matter physics is to understand the dynamics of interacting quantum systems exposed to an external perturbation. We theoretically examine nonequilibrium photo dynamics and its interplay of charge, spin, and lattice degrees of freedom on a Hubbard-Holstein chain in one dimension and a t-J-Holstein square lattice in two dimensions. In the chain, performing dynamical density-matrix renormalization group calculations, we find that many phonons generated dynamically after photo irradiation in Mott insulators cause initial relaxation process. On the other hand, in the square lattice with model parameters as relevant for cuprates, a Lanczos-type exact diagonalization calculation shows that the majority of absorbed energy flows into spin subsystem rather than phonon subsystem.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2013