Modulation of charge transfer rate in (N,N′-dimethylamino)benzonitrile liquid solutions
Institute of Physics, Pomeranian University in Słupsk, Słupsk 76-200, Poland
a e-mail: tomin@ apsl.edu.pl; firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: 8 June 2013
Revised: 9 August 2013
Published online: 23 October 2013
We studied the properties of the emission, absorption and excitation of dual fluorescence of (N,N′−dimethylamino)benzonitrile in a polar aprotic solvent acetonitrile under selective irradiation of solutions by light with different energies of quanta to elucidate mechanisms of dual fluorescence arising in this solvent at different temperatures in the range 274–313 K. In all cases, dual fluorescence of the solute in acetonitrile was observed, which is caused by emission from locally excited Franck-Condon and charge-transfer states. A change in the energy of excitation quanta has a weak effect on the position of the fluorescence bands; however, the intensity ratio between the bands noticeably changes in favour of the intensity of the long-wavelength band at excitation in the range of the long-wavelength absorption band. An interesting and unusual fact is that solution heating is accompanied by essential growth of quantum yield of dual fluorescence at all wavelengths of the excitation. To explain the observed effects, the same dependences were measured and analysed for DMABN in neutral solvent n-hexane in the same conditions. We involve also the data of quantum-mechanical calculations, which show that there is a considerable probability of occurrence in solutions of DMABN rotational isomers with differing orientation of the dimethylamino group with respect to the benzonitrile. In the excited state, these have different charge-transfer rates, resulting in a modulation in the intensity ratio of the observed fluorescence bands with change excitation energy quanta on the red wing of the absorption band, doi: 10.1134/S0030400X12050219.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2013