Nonlinear spring-less electromagnetic vibration energy harvesting system
1 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology, Technická 2896/2, Brno, Czech Republic
2 Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Communication, Brno University of Technology, Technická 3058/10, Brno, Czech Republic
Received: 10 July 2015
Revised: 9 September 2015
Published online: 20 November 2015
This paper deals with a description and modelling of a spring-less electromagnetic vibration energy harvesting system. The presented unique electromagnetic vibration energy harvester consists of a nonlinear resonance mechanism, magnetic circuit with a coil and an electronic load. The mechanical vibrations excite the nonlinear resonance mechanism and the relative movement of the magnetic circuit against fixed coil induces voltage due to Faraday's Law. When the electronics is connected the current flows through the load and output power is harvested. There are several nonlinearities which affects operations of the presented electromagnetic energy harvesting system. The significant nonlinearity of the system is stiffness of the resonance mechanism and it causes extending of an operation bandwidth. The harvesting of electrical energy from mechanical vibrations provides electromagnetic damping feedbacks of the coil to moving magnetic circuit. The feedback depends on the current flow through the electronic load and coil. The using of modern power management circuit with optimal power point provides other nonlinear operation.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2015