Kinetic modeling, equilibrium isotherm and thermodynamic studies on a batch adsorption of anionic dye onto eco-friendly dried Carpobrotus edulis plant
Labo. LACAPE, Faculty of Science, Ibn Zohr University, Hay Dakhla, Agadir, Morocco
Received: 4 September 2016
Revised: 17 November 2016
Published online: 18 April 2017
In the present study, a low-cost bio-adsorbent is developed from the naturally and abundantly available dried Mediterranean plant which is biodegradable. The bio-adsorbent was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and point of zero charge (PZC). A study on the adsorption kinetics and isotherms was performed applying the optimized conditions. The equilibrium data for the adsorption of acid blue 113 on dried plant is tested with various adsorption isotherm models such as Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich equation. The Langmuir isotherm model is found to be the most suitable one for the acid blue 113 (AB113) adsorption using dried C. edulis plant and the theoretical maximum adsorption capacity obtained with the application of Langmuir isotherm model is 8.2 mg.g−1 at room temperature. The adsorption process follows the second-order kinetics and the corresponding rate constants are obtained. The thermodynamic parameters suggest that the adsorption process is spontaneous and exothermic nature. It can be concluded that the dried C. edulis adsorbent studied has good perspective to be used as adsorbent material in anionic dyes removal from industry eﬀuents.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2017