Melting of orientational degrees of freedom
Departament de Física, ETSEIB, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Diagonal 647, Barcelona, 08028 Catalonia, Spain
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Received: 30 September 2016
Revised: 17 October 2016
Published online: 18 April 2017
We use calorimetry and dilatometry under hydrostatic pressure, X-ray powder diffraction and available literature data in a series of composition-related orientationally disordered (plastic) crystals to characterize both the plastic and melting transitions and investigate relationships between associated thermodynamic properties. First, general common trends are identified: (i) The temperature range of stability of the plastic phase Tm-Tt (where Tt and Tm are the plastic and melting transition temperatures, respectively) increases with increasing pressure and (ii) both the rate of this increase, d(Tm-Tt)/dp, and the entropy change across the plastic transition analyzed as function of the ratio Tt/Tm are quite independent of the particular compound. However, the dependence of the entropy change at the melting transition on Tt/Tm at high pressures deviates from the behavior observed at normal pressure for these and other plastic crystals. Second, we find that the usual errors associated with the estimations of second-order contributions in the Clausius-Clapeyron equation are high and thus these terms can be disregarded in practice. Instead, we successfully test the validity of the Clausius-Clapeyron equation at high pressure from direct measurements.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2017