Complex dynamics induced by strong confinement – From tracer diffusion in strongly heterogeneous media to glassy relaxation of dense fluids in narrow slits
1 Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 21A, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
2 Institut für Theoretische Physik, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Staudtstraße 7, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
a e-mail: email@example.com
Received: 13 April 2017
Revised: 11 May 2017
Published online: 10 August 2017
We provide an overview of recent advances of the complex dynamics of particles in strong confinements. The first paradigm is the Lorentz model where tracers explore a quenched disordered host structure. Such systems naturally occur as limiting cases of binary glass-forming systems if the dynamics of one component is much faster than the other. For a certain critical density of the host structure the tracers undergo a localization transition which constitutes a critical phenomenon. A series of predictions in the vicinity of the transition have been elaborated and tested versus computer simulations. Analytical progress is achieved for small obstacle densities. The second paradigm is a dense strongly interacting liquid confined to a narrow slab. Then the glass transition depends nonmonotonically on the separation of the plates due to an interplay of local packing and layering. Very small slab widths allow to address certain features of the statics and dynamics analytically.
© The Author(s) 2017
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