Manifestations of the onset of chaos in condensed matter and complex systems
Instituto de Investigaciones en Matemáticas Aplicadas y en Sistemas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México,
2 Instituto de Física and Centro de Ciencias de la Complejidad, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico
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Received in final form: 10 January 2018
Published online: 4 October 2018
We review the occurrence of the patterns of the onset of chaos in low-dimensional nonlinear dissipative systems in leading topics of condensed matter physics and complex systems of various disciplines. We consider the dynamics associated with the attractors at period-doubling accumulation points and at tangent bifurcations to describe features of glassy dynamics, critical fluctuations and localization transitions. We recall that trajectories pertaining to the routes to chaos form families of time series that are readily transformed into networks via the Horizontal Visibility algorithm, and this in turn facilitates establish connections between entropy and Renormalization Group properties. We discretize the replicator equation of game theory to observe the onset of chaos in familiar social dilemmas, and also to mimic the evolution of high-dimensional ecological models. We describe an analytical framework of nonlinear mappings that reproduce rank distributions of large classes of data (including Zipf’s law). We extend the discussion to point out a common circumstance of drastic contraction of configuration space driven by the attractors of these mappings. We mention the relation of generalized entropy expressions with the dynamics along and at the period doubling, intermittency and quasi-periodic routes to chaos. Finally, we refer to additional natural phenomena in complex systems where these conditions may manifest.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2018