Evolution of filtration permeability of dendritic structure in the conditions of capillary – diffusion coalescency of the secondary side branches
Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University Polytechnicheskaja str. 29 195251 Saint-Petersburg Russia
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Received in final form: 12 November 2019
Published online: 11 February 2020
The article considers the current state of theoretical and experimental knowledge of the filtration permeability process during the crystallization of metal alloys using the Karman–Kozeni equation with its practical application to meet a lack of adequate mathematical apparatus for describing the morphological evolution of dendritic structure. In order to solve the problem of modeling, we focus on formation of shrinkage voids during bulk crystallization of multicomponent casting alloys. We base on synthesis of a dimensionless version of the Carman–Kozeni model for permeability of a solidifying two-phase medium and a local version of the system analysis for the formation of the stochastic structure of secondary dendritic branches with continuous capillary-diffusion coalescence of meso-scale model. As part of the system analysis of non-equilibrium crystallization, a continuous change in the temperature of the alloy, the rate of solid phase releasing, the concentration of the residual liquid phase, and the evolution of the dendritic structure are investigated. With the help of numerical analysis, the extreme nature of the filtration permeability of the dendritic structure is established depending on the fraction of the solidified phase. The paper discusses the generalized results of metallographic studies of aluminum alloys, which give grounds to application of the lognormal distribution law of the parameters for the dendritic structure of the alloys and the use of the Monte Carlo method to quantify the local structural heterogeneity of the cast metal.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2020