Dynamical trapping in the area-preserving Hénon map
Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2 Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
a e-mail: email@example.com
Received in final form: 13 November 2019
Published online: 29 May 2020
Stickiness is a well known phenomenon in which chaotic orbits expend an expressive amount of time in specific regions of the chaotic sea. This phenomenon becomes important when dealing with area-preserving open systems because, in this case, it leads to a temporary trapping of orbits in certain regions of phase space. In this work, we propose that the different scenarios of dynamical trapping can be explained by analyzing the crossings between invariant manifolds. In order to corroborate this assertion, we use an adaptive refinement procedure to approximately obtain the sets of homoclinic and heteroclinic intersections for the area-preserving Hénon map, an archetype of open systems, for a generic parameter interval. We show that these sets have very different statistical properties when the system is highly influenced by dynamical trapping, whereas they present similar properties when stickiness is almost absent. We explain these different scenarios by taking into consideration various effects that occur simultaneously in the system, all of which are connected with the topology of the invariant manifolds.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2020