Statistical Analysis of Complex Computer Models in Astronomy
Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
2 Department of Statistics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
3 Department of Biostatistics, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Accepted: 22 June 2021
Published online: 9 August 2021
We introduce statistical techniques required to handle complex computer models with potential applications to astronomy. Computer experiments play a critical role in almost all fields of scientific research and engineering. These computer experiments, or simulators, are often computationally expensive, leading to the use of emulators for rapidly approximating the outcome of the experiment. Gaussian process models, also known as Kriging, are the most common choice of emulator. While emulators offer significant improvements in computation over computer simulators, they require a selection of inputs along with the corresponding outputs of the computer experiment to function well. Thus, it is important to select inputs judiciously for the full computer simulation to construct an accurate emulator. Space-filling designs are efficient when the general response surface of the outcome is unknown, and thus they are a popular choice when selecting simulator inputs for building an emulator. In this tutorial we discuss how to construct these space filling designs, perform the subsequent fitting of the Gaussian process surrogates, and briefly indicate their potential applications to astronomy research.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021