Thermocapillary and buoyancy driven convection analysis for a hybrid nanofluids enclosed in a cavity with heated obstacle
Laboratory of Metrology and Energy Systems, University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Ha’il University, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia
3 Mechanical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Jouf University, P.O. Box 2014, Sakaka, Aljouf, Saudi Arabia
Accepted: 3 May 2022
Published online: 24 May 2022
Two-dimensional numerical simulations are performed to investigate the problem of thermocapillary, and buoyancy driven convection. A hybrid MWCTN-FeO-thermal oil nanofluid was used in an enclosed cavity equipped with a hot obstacle. The entire set of equations associated with the convective heat transfer phenomena in a hybrid nanofluid layer with a free surface are solved numerically using the blocked-off region method of Patankar. A parametric study varying the position, the size of the obstacle, the Marangoni number, the Rayleigh number, the volume fraction of the nanofluid has been performed. The results concern the flow profile, the temperature profile and the evolution of the Nusselt number under different conditions. It was shown that an enhancement of the convective heat transfer of more than 170% can be achieved on the cold wall just by switching the position of the obstacle from the bottom to the top.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2022