Analysis of stochastic dynamics in a multistable logistic-type epidemiological model
Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, Russia
Accepted: 25 May 2022
Published online: 14 June 2022
Motivated by the important problem of analyzing and predicting the spread of epidemics, we propose and study a discrete susceptible-infected model. This logistic-type model accounts such significant parameters as the rate of infection spread due to contacts, mortality caused by disease, and the rate of recovery. We present results of the bifurcation analysis of regular and chaotic survival regimes for interacting susceptible and infected subpopulations. Parametric zones of multistability are found and basins of coexisting attractors are determined. We also discuss the particular role of specific transients. In-phase and anti-phase synchronization in the oscillations of the susceptible and infected parts of the population is studied. An impact of inevitably present random disturbances is studied numerically and by the analytical method of confidence domains. Various mechanisms of noise-induced extinction in this epidemiological model are discussed.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2022