- Published on 24 September 2020
An important achievement of the refined shell model for the nucleus was the prediction of new shell closures at proton number 114 and neutron number 184. In addition, the model predicted decay properties, which led to the expectation that an “island of stability” would be located near these proton and neutron numbers. Experiments confirmed the predicted properties of part of these super-heavy nuclei during the last 20 years. Already in the 1980s, experimentally confirmed was a region of deformed super-heavy nuclei near proton and neutron numbers 108 and 162, respectively. Whereas only a few isotopes could be produced in the discovery experiments, the increase of the experimental sensitivity makes now and in future a more detailed study of these super-heavy systems possible. For this reason, the editors of the European Physical Journal A, N. Alamanos and M.J.G. Borge, suggested that a special edition be devoted to research on super-heavy nuclei and elements.
EPJ A Topical Issue: Light clusters in nuclei and nuclear matter: Nuclear structure and decay, heavy ion collisions, and astrophysics
- Published on 04 September 2019
Nuclear systems are important examples for strongly interacting quantum liquids. New experiments in nuclear physics and observations of compact astrophysical objects require an adequate description of correlations, in particular the formation of clusters and the occurrence of quantum condensates in low-density nuclear systems.