Spherical silicon optical resonators: Possible applications to biosensing
Koç University, Microphotonics Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, Rumelifeneri Yolu, Sarıyer, Istanbul 34450, Turkey
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Received: 9 June 2014
Revised: 4 August 2014
Published online: 6 October 2014
We observed whispering gallery modes in the 90∘ elastic light scattering and 0∘ transmission spectra of a 500 μm silicon microsphere in the near-infrared telecommunication wavelengths. The whispering gallery modes have quality factors on the order of 105. An autocorrelation function analysis of the 90∘ elastic light scattering and 0∘ transmission spectra is performed. The differential autocorrelation of the 90∘ elastic light scattering and 0∘ transmission spectra reveal a spectral mode spacing 0.23 nm of the whispering gallery modes, which can be used for spectral calibration as well as the calibration of the microsphere size. The spectral shift of the whispering gallery modes can be measured for biosensing applications. An estimation analysis is performed for the adsorption of 30 DNA base pairs on the microsphere results in a wavelength shift of 0.57 nm, which is approximately 40 times the linewidth of the whispering gallery modes. This high sensitivity heralds silicon microspheres as possible candidates for biosensing applications.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2014