Probing the statistics of transport in the Hénon Map
1 Physics Department, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200, Israel
2 Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0526, USA
Received: 28 March 2016
Revised: 26 July 2016
Published online: 30 September 2016
The phase space of an area-preserving map typically contains infinitely many elliptic islands embedded in a chaotic sea. Orbits near the boundary of a chaotic region have been observed to stick for long times, strongly influencing their transport properties. The boundary is composed of invariant “boundary circles.” We briefly report recent results of the distribution of rotation numbers of boundary circles for the Hénon quadratic map and show that the probability of occurrence of small integer entries of their continued fraction expansions is larger than would be expected for a number chosen at random. However, large integer entries occur with probabilities distributed proportionally to the random case. The probability distributions of ratios of fluxes through island chains is reported as well. These island chains are neighbours in the sense of the Meiss-Ott Markov-tree model. Two distinct universality families are found. The distributions of the ratio between the flux and orbital period are also presented. All of these results have implications for models of transport in mixed phase space.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag, 2016