COVID-19 disease diagnosis with light-weight CNN using modified MFCC and enhanced GFCC from human respiratory sounds
Health Analytics Research Labs, Department of Computer Applications, NIT Tiruchirappalli, 620015, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Accepted: 18 December 2021
Published online: 24 January 2022
In the last 2 years, medical researchers and clinical scientists have paid close attention to the problem of respiratory sound classification to classify COVID-19 disease symptoms. In the physical world, very few AI-based (Artificial Intelligence) techniques are often used to detect COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 respiratory disease symptoms from the human respiratory system-generated acoustic sounds such as acoustic voice sound, breathing (inhale and exhale) sounds, and cough sound. We propose a light-weight Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) with Modified-Mel-frequency Cepstral Coefficient (M-MFCC) using different depths and kernel sizes to classify COVID-19 and other respiratory sound disease symptoms such as Asthma, Pertussis, and Bronchitis. The proposed network outperforms conventional feature extraction models and existing Deep Learning (DL) models for COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 classification accuracy in the range of 4–10%. The model’s performance is compared with the COVID-19 crowdsourced benchmark dataset and gives a competitive performance. We applied different receptive fields and depths in the proposed model to get different contextual information that should aid in classification. And our experiments suggested 1 12 receptive fields and a depth of 5-Layer for the light-weight CNN to extract and identify the features from respiratory sound data. The model is also trained and tested with different modalities of data to showcase its effectiveness in classification.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2022