- Published on 30 May 2018
Patchy particles is the name given to a large class of systems of mesoscopic particles characterized by a repulsive core and a discrete number of short-range and highly directional interaction sites. Numerical simulations have contributed significantly to our understanding of the behaviour of patchy particles, but, although simple in principle, advanced simulation techniques are often required to sample the low temperatures and long time-scales associated with their self-assembly behaviour.
In this EPJ E colloquium paper, Rovigatti et al. review the most popular simulation techniques that have been used to study patchy particles, with a special focus on Monte Carlo methods.
Many of the tools required to simulate patchy systems are covered, from interaction potentials to biased moves, cluster moves, and free-energy methods. The review is complemented by an educationally-oriented Monte Carlo computer code that implements all the techniques described in the text to simulate a well-known tetrahedral patchy particle model.
Lorenzo Rovigatti, John Russo, and Flavio Romano (2018),
How to simulate patchy particles,
European Physical Journal E, DOI 10.1140/epje/i2018-11667-x