- Published on 24 January 2020
Interaction of intense laser pulses with matter on various scales is a growing area of research using table-top femtosecond and sub-femtosecond laser pulses as well as large-scale free electron lasers spanning the photon energy range from the infrared to x-rays. The Nobel prize in Physics (2018) was awarded in part to the development of “light tools” or lasers delivering intense near-infrared laser pulses. This has burgeoned research in intense laser matter interaction to develop attosecond pulses in the soft x-ray region to super-intense pulses to generate relativistic plasmas. The large scale end of this research saw a concomitant development in accelerator based photon sources of intense short wavelength light pulses VUV, soft- and hard x-rays from free-electron laser pulses. This science has grown rapidly in the last few decades and calls for a review and a collection to gather its length and breadth.